The powerful beauty ingredients to improve your skin

It's like an alphabet soup of vitamins and knowing which ones we need can get a little complicated.

What we do know is vitamins are good for the body and for the skin but some have a little more beauty power than others.

So here’s everything you need to know about which vitamins do what so you can decide what your skin needs.

Vitamin A

This is also known as retinol. It thickens the dermis (the deeper layer of the skin) where collagen, elastin and blood vessels are, helping to reduce wrinkles, increase blood flow and improve the texture of the skin. More collagen slows the ageing process.

Vitamin A can correct skin conditions such as rosacea and acne. It also reduces pigmentation and boosts hydration.

Use a product containing Vitamin A at least twice a week to see results, preferably at night. It is not suitable for use during pregnancy and other side effects include irritation so apply a sunscreen on top if you’re using it during the day.

You can also find it in foods including cheese, egg yolks, fish and sweet potato.

Vitamin B

An eight vitamin squad actually makes up Vitamin B that treats rosacea, acne and pigmentation, improving the overall appearance of your skin.

Niacin or B3 is one of the 8 individual ingredients that reduces redness, refines pores, minimises the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, is a hydration booster and improves the texture of your skin.

Vitamin B can’t actually be stored in the body so needs to be constantly replenished. If you’re Vitamin B deficient it can cause brittle hair and nails to split.

Vitamin C

It’s considered the master of anti-ageing, also brightening the skin, helping with cell turnover and improving skin tone.

Ascorbic acid is the key ingredient that helps give us younger and firmer looking skin. Over time it will boost the production of collagen reducing the appearance of wrinkles.

Vitamin C is easily absorbed, adds a boost of hydration and decreases the amount of water lost by the skin.

Introduce this product to your routine slowly, so you don’t get a reaction to it. It’s also found not only in oranges but broccoli, strawberries and tomatoes.

Vitamin E

Our bodies can’t produce Vitamin E so if you don’t get it from foods like avocado and vegetable oil, apply it to the skin.

It’s an anti-oxidant that’ll protect and repair the skin, helping fight environmental factors like pollution and other free radicals that damage collagen and cause the skin to dry out, making those fine lines and wrinkles more obvious.

Vitamin K

This is for you if you suffer from dark under eye circles, skin discolouration, acne or rosacea.

It helps reduce the appearance of wrinkles, stretch marks, scars, bruises and burns.